Among many theories presented in his book, Freud wrote that he believed Moses was not a Jew
Sigmund Freud was an avowed atheist. He influenced many writers who likewise rejected the belief in God. We still see many current authors following in his footsteps (Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, and Christopher Hitchens). However, towards the end of Freud’s life, he suddenly took an interest in reading the Bible and wrote a book titled Moses and Monotheism. Among many theories presented in his book, Freud wrote that he believed Moses was not a Jew, because Moses is not a Jewish name. He claimed the name is Egyptian, and that monotheism had its roots among the Egyptians, not the Jews. Naturally, such a theory coming from a man as influential as Freud, during a historic period that experienced the rise of Nazi power, caused some in the Jewish community to shudder.
In 1938, Freud had moved from Vienna to London where he was visited by his neighbor, Abraham Yahuda, a Jewish scholar who was aware of Freud’s work. Yahuda urged Freud not to publish his book for a variety of reasons, one of which was Freud’s argument that Moses was not a Jew, as well as his theory that the Jews actually killed Moses. Evidently, Yahuda felt it would lead to more persecution against the Jews. Regardless of the pleading by members of his own Jewish community, Freud published his book and the controversy caused it to be a best seller, although it received poor reviews.
In actuality, the Exodus was not about Jews or Hebrews, but the story dates far earlier in history and is about the Children of Israel who were, at the time of the Exodus, not considered to be Jews or Hebrews
There have been many times in history when Jewish scholars have questioned the story of Moses and the authenticity of the Torah, which was clearly written by multiple scribes, as confirmed by all serious biblical scholars. The entire story of the Exodus, as an epic about the Jews, is extremely misleading. In actuality, the Exodus was not about Jews or Hebrews, but the story dates far earlier in history and is about the Children of Israel who were, at the time of the Exodus, not considered to be Jews or Hebrews. Freud was correct. Moses is not a Jewish name. His name was actually Musa, as stated in the Quran. Contrary to Freud’s theory, the roots of monotheism go back much further than the ancient Egyptians, to a time period not mentioned in the Bible, but definitely hinted at in the Quran. Unfortunately Muslims have failed to notice it because most of them, including those in the West, have never really studied the Quran in light of what we do know about the actual ancient history of the Near East. As a result, they are not equipped to explain their own religion to a western audience. Intimidated by attacks against Islam by neoconservatives, who have resorted to a most childish display of name-calling, major Muslim organizations in the West are focused on their civil rights. Their representatives are most often not religious scholars, although many of them profess to be so. As a reaction to their being placed in a defensive mode by the neocons, Muslims shy away from serious religious discussions, and prefer to focus on the commonalities of faith rather than treading through unknown waters.
U.S. foreign policy, as it relates to the Middle East, was shaped by Zionist religious doctrines. They were the driving force of the British Empire and currently the impetus of its offshoot, the American Empire. Palestinians were evicted from their homeland because a handful of scribes in Jerusalem, during the middle of the first millennium B.C.E., wrote a distorted religious history of Palestine that would later fuel nineteenth and twentieth century Zionist theories among Christians and Jews. As far as the Zealots for Zion are concerned, God promised Palestine to the Jews, who have taken up the cause of the alleged Israelite Lost Tribes, and have been busy re-shaping Jerusalem to conform to what they believe biblical and extra-biblical texts describe. Religious Israeli zealots expect their Messiah to appear, and Christian zealots expect Jesus to reappear. As the saying goes, “if they build it, he will come”.
How could the Palestinians or their allies expect the very same nations that fuel the conflict to actually resolve it?
For the past 60 years, the issue of Palestine has been in the hands of Near Eastern politicians or Arab-American organizations, that are in the habit of beseeching powerful western nations (particularly the U.S.) to help resolve the conflict. Most of these self-appointed representatives of the Palestinian people are neither religious scholars nor are they historians. Drawn from a variety of academic fields and backgrounds, they have pooled together their resources to find ways to resolve the most important international conflict that still sits on the world’s stage. How could the Palestinians or their allies expect the very same nations that fuel the conflict to actually resolve it? Palestine is still an open wound. Its people are displaced, humiliated, desperate, starving, and have lost all sense of hope for the future. Yet, their politicians keep up their diplomatic front, hoping to extract water from a dried well. We are in store for one more attempt by Condoleezza Rice to push for an independent Palestinian state where the players once again seem to be quite divorced from the reality on the ground. Judging from the articles written by members of various political and religious factions in the Near East and the West, there is hope once again that this will succeed, but the expectations are low. If this latest attempt does not succeed, what will be the repercussions? Another Intifada? More bloodshed? Could there be any more peace conferences that get nowhere; or any more books that feed us gruesome statistics of death, suffering, and injustices; or books that glorify the author’s role in the struggle for Palestine; or books that describe the history of the Palestinian/Israeli conflict from every conceivable angle? Scholars from major universities have eloquently argued the case of Palestine, and now even Jimmy Carter has made his own stand, and very little is ever resolved. Why? It is doubtful that the Palestinian/Israeli conflict will find resolution in the political arena, because the essence of the conflict is about religion, and until that subject is seriously addressed, there will be no long-lasting peace in the Middle East.
Ask any rabbi, or Zionist settler, or any member of Hamas or Hezbollah, or any Ayatollah, and he will tell you that the issue is religion.
Ask any rabbi, or Zionist settler, or any member of Hamas or Hezbollah, or any Ayatollah, and he will tell you that the issue is religion. Since most secular politicians consider themselves to be above religion, the subject is never broached. They stay away from it as they would a disease that may be contagious. Religion, they argue, is the cause of all the conflicts. They prefer to describe themselves as ‘secular humanists’ (oddly many are from the non-religious Christian or Muslim Arab community who consider themselves to be intellectuals, resting high above trivial religious dialogue). In a most unhelpful manner, some have chosen the path of trying to demean the religious community as intellectually deficient. The greatest mistake is to ignore the importance of religion in a region like the Middle East. Religious differences were a dividing factor in the Near East for millennia prior to the rise of Islam. The decay and fall of the Ottoman Empire and the influence and meddling of colonialist powers brought the people of the Near East back to their age old differences. The invasion of Iraq has opened new wounds between religious factions, and there is a real fear that Lebanon will once again be plagued by a civil war, with various militias forming as they arm themselves with weapons that have apparently made their way from Iraq to Lebanon.
Until the roots of their differences are placed squarely on the table, there will never be a genuine peace between the people of the Middle East. The religious traditions of the West have their roots in the religions of the Near East. After all, the Bible was composed in the Near East by Near Eastern people. The Quran was revealed in the Near East. All the prophets were from the Near East. The conflict between Jews and Muslims over Palestine is rooted in the misinterpretations of biblical history and biblical language. The conflict between Shi’ites and Sunnis predates the rise of Islam and has everything to do with who their ancestors were. Ignoring reality is not going to make it go away, for it always comes back to haunt us. What we need is an honest discourse with the academic community at the forefront, removing their own prejudices against religion and tackling what should have long been apparent to all. So let’s begin with the story of the Exodus. Do western scholars have the courage to really examine the Quran and see what evidence it gives regarding the Exodus? So far they have shown no such efforts. They don’t mind debunking the biblical story of the Exodus as myth, which gives them one more piece of evidence in their arguments against religion. However, to accept the Quran’s version that proves it to have not only been a true story, but one that makes Muslims the beneficiaries of the Exodus story, might be too difficult to accept. The western mind is probably not programmed for such an outcome.
Musa (Moses) was not a Jew, nor a Hebrew. He was not Egyptian either, and no, the Jews had no role in killing Moses, as Freud argued
Freud was correct. Musa (Moses) was not a Jew, nor a Hebrew. He was not Egyptian either, and no, the Jews had no role in killing Moses, as Freud argued, because they didn’t exist as a people in the days of Musa. In reality, Jews became a separate people 1700 years after Musa. Did God promise Palestine to the Jews? Of course not, but don’t take my word for it. Examine the evidence in my book: The Exodus in the Quran. Seeking the truth is the only way to bring peace and justice to the Palestinians, because the root of the conflict is not about politics and diplomatic overtures, but is very much a matter of religion. Religion directs U.S. foreign policy since most Americans regard today’s state of Israel to be equivalent to the biblical kingdom of Israel, although it never existed as the Bible describes it. Americans permit the Israelis to get away with what they do because they are convinced that the Jews (who they mistakenly believe are the true Israelites) are God’s people and must be returned to Jerusalem in order for Jesus to return. Evangelical ministers do not inform their flock that the Bible has been proven to be filled with errors, and they never tell them about the latest archaeological discoveries or the important scholarly material that has been published and kept behind academic doors. Neocons, who have an unusual control of U.S. foreign policy, are zealots of a different nature. They will do anything to maintain their own power and authority, using religion to advance their cause. The last thing they would ever do is concede victory to the Islamic camp.
Could it be that the Israeli scholarly community has long suspected that Freud was correct in his belief that Moses was not a Jew? Serious Israeli archaeologists now know that their ancestors were very good at embellishing Scriptures. It is probably very likely that most Israelis know that the Zionist dream of the so-called Chosen People taking back what they believe is rightfully theirs is nothing but a pipe dream. Such voices are already emerging from the Jewish community. Yet so many Israelis, and Jews in general, respond to any criticism of Israel with accusations of “anti-semitism”, a classic weapon of intimidation. Perhaps, like Freud’s neighbor, Abraham Yahuda, they fear that if the world knew the truth the Jewish community would lose it all. What drives them is an almost paranoid fear of the holocaust and the loss of their power, and they would do anything to prevent it even if it means closing their eyes to reality.
As long as the Palestinian people and the greater Islamic world remain in a state of intimidation, Israelis and their neocon and evangelical allies can continue to keep them far from realizing that all the knowledge they need to liberate themselves is there for the taking. Fearing the rise of Islamophobia, American Muslims preoccupy themselves with civil rights and adopt a low profile in order to prove that they are just like everyone else. The early Zionist leaders of Israel knew that their occupation of Palestine would eventually break the will of a starving and destitute Palestinian population, as we see in Gaza and the West Bank. Perhaps the neocons and their allies feel they can do the same to the Islamic community, by threatening them with Guantanamo-like punishments and ‘secret evidence’ that can be mustered at will to keep them in a perpetual state of fear. Any prisoner knows that there is no fear as strong as that of his jailer, who forever anticipates an uprising. He introduces harsh measures as a form of intimidation in order to prevent it. It’s time for the prisoners to wake up and realize that the key to their freedom was in their hands all along and was hidden in plain sight. Muslims know that the Quran is the Word of God. Wouldn’t God leave them the key to open their cell and escape to freedom? That key is hidden in plain sight within the pages of the Quran. You can find it in the stories of the prophets.
The above was received via email (minus the photos) as an invitation to read this book. Having read (still reading) one of the author’s books, ‘Isa Shall be A sign of the Hour, I found this author to be insightful, analytical and thorough and therefore, the invitation to read the new book intriguing and worth posting. This was done with the author’s permission.
More information on the book can be found here.