Translated from Arabic: article by M. Seif-El Dawla.
The Forbidden Reconciliation!
Arab leaders are in race these days, under the guidance of the new U.S. administration, to move forward in completing the steps to waive most of Palestine to the Zionists, and the recognition of their so-called state of Israel, in exchange for some form of a Palestine stripped of everything: sovereignty, arms, jurisdiction, the right of return .. etc..
This clearly shows in their propaganda machines in an attempt to create acceptance for such “peace treaty” by focusing only on peripheral issues such as freezing the building of settlements, without approaching or addressing core issues.
This is the most appropriate time to recall the document an important reference issued by the scholars of Al Azhar in 1956 on the reconciliation with the enemy and cooperation with nations that support it, we publish in full, in the hope that the text of the advisory opinion of Al-Azhar that it is not permissible to make peace with Israel, all of us save, copy, disseminate, and build upon.
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The Committee for Fatwa Al-Azhar Mosque concluded, on Sunday 18 Jumada I 1375 AH corresponding to the first of January 1956 and under his virtue Professor Sheikh Hassanein Makhlouf, a member of a group of senior scientists and Egypt’s Muftis, the former and the membership of their honor, Sheikh Issa Menon member of a group of senior scholars, Sheikh Faculty of Sharia (formerly Shafi doctrine) and Sheikh Mahmoud Shaltout Member of the Senior Ulema (Hanafi doctrine) and Sheikh Mohammed Tneji member of a group of senior scientists and director of preaching and guidance (al-Maliki doctrine) and Sheikh Mohammed Abdul Latif Subki member of a group of senior scientists and the Chief Inspector of Al-Azhar (al-Hanbali doctrine) and the presence of Sheikh Zakaria land the Secretary of the Fatwa Committee .
Considered in the referendum and issued the following advisory opinion the following:
In the name of God the Merciful
Praise be to Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the master of messengers, Muhammad, and his family and companions.
As yet – the Al Azhar Fatwa Committee [Commission] has reviewed a referendum submitted to it on the rule of Islamic law in the conclusion of peace with Israel; a country which usurped Palestine from its people, expelled Palestinians from their homes, and displaced women and children, young and old in the prospects for land, usurped their money, and committed the worst sins in places of worship, historic places and places of the Islamic holy sites – and the rule of mutual affection and cooperation with the countries of colonialism, which championed and advocated in this aggression and outrage, and gave [Israel] the succor of political and material support to set up a Jewish state in this country in the midst of Islamic countries, disguised by alliances promoted by the colonial States, with goals that enable Israel to stay in the land of Palestine to implement the policy of colonization – and the duty of Muslims towards Palestine and and about the projects that Israel and the colonial powers want to expand their turf and invite immigrants to strengthen its existence, and the strengthening of their jurisdiction, which had a stranglehold on its [Arab] neighbors, and increased threat to them and the preparation of eliminating them.
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According to the Commission, making peace with Israel – as the promoters want it – is not permissible in Islam, because it involves the adoption of the usurper to continue and establish its tyranny, recognition of the hand of the usurper, and the empowerment of the abuser to remain as the aggressor.
As the heavenly religions are unanimous on the sanctity of what has been illegally and forcefully taken, and that such rights must be returned to its rightful owners, and urged the owner the right to defend and claim what has been illegally stolen from them. In the Hadith: (One who is killed defending his wealth is a martyr, one who is killed defending his honor is a martyr) and in another: (It’s obligatory that what has been taken by hand to be returned).
It is not permissible for Muslims to reconcile with those Jews who have usurped Palestine, assaulted its people and robbed them of their money [livelihood] in any way nor allow these Jews to establish their own nation in the holy Islamic lands; they [ Muslims] must cooperate in all different tongues and colors and races and respond by enforcing the return of [Palestine] to its people, and maintaining the Al-Aqsa Mosque where revelations and prayer of past prophets that God had blessed, and maintaining the monuments and Islamic sites from the hands of these rapists; [these Muslims] must aid the Mujahideen [resistance] with weapons and other forces to establish Jihad and do what they can, until Palestine is purified from the effects of these tyrants and aggressors.
8:60 Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies, of Allah and your enemies, and others besides, whom ye may not know, but whom Allah doth know. Whatever ye shall spend in the cause of Allah, shall be repaid unto you, and ye shall not be treated unjustly.
Whomsoever falters in this issue, or let down/ disappointed Muslims with [faltering], or called for division and distract unification, and empowered the colonial States and Zionism to further implement their plans against the Arabs and Islam, then such a person in the view of Islam is one who has abandoned Islam and Muslims, becoming the perpetrator of the greatest sins . People know that Jews have been scheming against Islam and Muslims and their homes, since the time of [Mohammad’s] message and until now, and they are determined not to stop the attack on Palestine and the Al Aqsa Mosque, but also have plans to acquire Islamic countries located between the rivers Nile and Euphrates.
And since Muslims are but one indivisible unit to defend Islam and its lands, then it’s obligatory upon them to unite their voice to prevent this danger and to defend the countries of Islam and save it from the hands of rapists; Allah says: “ And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves;” and the Almighty also said: “Allah hath purchased of the believers their persons and their goods; for theirs (in return) is the garden (of Paradise): they fight in His cause, and slay and are slain: a promise binding on Him in truth, through the Law, the Gospel, and the Qur’an: and who is more faithful to his covenant than Allah. then rejoice in the bargain which ye have concluded: that is the achievement supreme. ” He says: “Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah, and those who reject Faith Fight in the cause of Evil: So fight ye against the friends of Satan: feeble indeed is the cunning of Satan.“
As for the cooperation with countries that embolden this oppressive rapists, supplying money and equipment, enabling them to remain in this country [Palestine], it is not religiously permissible, because that is helping this group in its hostility against Islam and their homes. Allah says: “Allah only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and support (others) in driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and protection). It is such as turn to them (in these circumstances), that do wrong” Allah also says: “Thou wilt not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving those who resist Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself. And He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein (for ever). Allah will be well pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah. Truly it is the Party of Allah that will achieve Felicity. “
God Almighty collected in one verse all imaginable human motives that ensure relationships, contact and one’s business, which man fears will be depressed – and warned the faithful of vulnerability in taking the enemies of Islam as allies – as a reason for taking the enemies of Islam as allies: “Say: If it be that your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your mates, or your kindred; the wealth that ye have gained; the commerce in which ye fear a decline: or the dwellings in which ye delight – are dearer to you than Allah, or His Messenger, or the striving in His cause;- then wait until Allah brings about His decision: and Allah guides not the rebellious. “
There is no doubt that becoming allies with the enemies will further strengthen their side and ideals, weapons and power: in secret and openly, directly and indirectly. All these things are forbidden for a Muslim regardless of what he may imagine as excuses and justifications.
It is so clear that these alliances advocated by the colonial powers, are working hard to divide and conquer (the Islamic countries) in order to empower themselves in Muslim countries, and further implementation of their policy, are not permissible for any Muslim country to respond to or share in them, because that is the great danger to Islamic countries, especially Palestine, which was delivered by the colonial powers to the Zionist oppressive entity which holds malice for Islam and its people and in order to establish a state in the center of the Islamic countries, to be the example and base for the implementation of a defunct colonial power harmful to Muslims, their money and their homes, and at the same time one of the strongest manifestations of loyalty that is forbidden. God said that: “And he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship) is of them. Verily Allah guideth not a people unjust.” The Koran noted that aiding the enemy arises from disease in the hearts which pushes people to such humiliation. Allah says: “Those in whose hearts is a disease – thou seest how eagerly they run about amongst them, saying: “We do fear lest a change of fortune bring us disaster.” Ah! perhaps Allah will give (thee) victory, or a decision according to His will. Then will they repent of the thoughts which they secretly harboured in their hearts. “
It is equally and religiously prohibited for Muslims to enable Israel which is supported by the colonial powers, and have ensured its protection and survival – the implementation of those projects that are only intended to boom the Jewish state and remain in a life of plenty and fertility so as to antagonize the Arabs and Islam at the heart of their homes, and spoil the country in corruption, and conspire against the Muslims in their own countries. Muslims must quell with full force such implementation, and stand united in defense of the hands of Islam; in thwarting such plots malignant which have such harmful projects. He who falters from defending [Islamic lands] or aide in the implementation of a negative view of Islam, has committed a great sin.
And Muslims should follow in the footsteps and approach of the Prophet [Muhammad] peace be upon him, learn from a good example in the position of the people of Mecca and their tyranny in expelling him, along with his companions, God bless them all, from their homes and prevented them from their money or establishing their worship – and further, [the nonbelievers (Meccans)] desecrated the sacred House of Worship [Kaaba] with idols, that Allah commanded him [the Prophet] to prepare and save the Kaaba from the assailants, by applying pressure upon the Meccans and their ways of life unti wars broke out between him and them. God by His grace, made Muslims the victors and liberated Mecca, saved vulnerable men, women and children, and purified the house of God [Kaaba]] from idols and eliminated shirk [multiple gods] and tyranny.
How similar is this with Palestine: the difference being that that Mecca was shared with the non-believers, believers and infidels, and a homeland for their companions, while the land of Palestine, belongs to Muslims, not Jews. However, God rejected the wrong of the Meccans and returned its control to Muslims: the Almighty commanded His Prophet, peace be upon him, to fight the aggressors. He says: “And slay them wherever ye catch them, and turn them out from where they have Turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you, slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith.” Yet God Almighty warned the Muslims to only defend themselves if attacked by saying says: “If then any one transgresses the prohibition against you, Transgress ye likewise against him. But fear Allah, and know that Allah is with those who restrain themselves.” One of the principles of Islam is to fight all evil that harms the servants [Muslims] and the country. In this case, this aggression did not stop the assault with expulsion of Muslims from their homes and robbed of their money and displaced them from their country, but beyond that, among other things, did not offer respect for all the heavenly mosques and places of worship. As stated in the verse says: “ And who is more unjust than he who forbids that in places for the worship of Allah, Allah’s name should be celebrated?-whose zeal is (in fact) to ruin them? It was not fitting that such should themselves enter them except in fear. For them there is nothing but disgrace in this world, and in the world to come, an exceeding torment“
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Having said that, this is the Islamic ruling on the question of Palestine, and likewise on Israel and its supporters of colonial States and others, in supporting such an aggressor, that it is the duty of Muslims, as alerted by Al Azhar Fatwa Committee, and calls upon Muslims in general that to unite in faith and strengthen their ties in God, to achieve the pride and dignity, and gather to do the right thing God had ordered to preserve the rights of future generations, and the affinity for the True religion.